Cystoid Macular Edema
Cystic macular edema (CME) or macular edema occurs as a result of an illness, injury, or sometimes as a result of eye surgery. There is usually an element of inflammation associated with CME. Clear fluids accumulates inside the macula, causing the decrease in central vision or distortion.
Cystoid macular edema can be diagnosed by an examination by a retina specialist. The retina specialist would often utilize other tests including fluorescein angiography and OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography) to diagnoses and assess severity of CME.
The treatment of CME depends on the underlying cause of edema and inflammation. Depending on the cause of CME, eye drops may be used as first-line treatment. In severe or refractory cases, injectable anti-inflammatory injections may also be given to reduce inflammation and macular edema. Surgery may also be recommended by your doctor if the edema is not resolved