Laser photocoagulation is used to treat multiple retina related problems. Different wavelengths laser may be used to cauterize the retina. A special contact lens may be used to apply the laser to a particular area on the retina.Both retina specialists and general eye doctors use laser photocoagulation device for different types of treatments in the eye. Photocoagulation is additionally referred to as a “hot” laser treatment since it utilizes heat to cauterize the retina. It is usually utilized to treat retinal tears, small detachment of the retina, neovascularization due to underlying retina problems among other retinal problems.
This method is performed in the outpatient office setting. Topical anesthetic eye drops are usually sufficient for comfort. In some situations and procedures local anesthetic may be used instead. During the procedure laser light rays are focused on the retina using a special contact lens or handheld lens. The laser is focused accurately on the retinal layers that need treatment. This can be done at the slit lamp microscope or using a headpiece. The treatment duration varies anywhere from a couple of minutes to half-hour depending on extent of laser treatment required.
Patients may not be ready to drive for a few hours after procedure due to the blurred vision in the treated eye. There are usually no limitations to activity following a laser treatment but each case is different and it is best to check with your physician.